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COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007

Posted By: Pegasus

COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sun Sep 02 2007 05:39 PM

The company of the month for September, 2007 is Ashland Oil. I worked for Ashland from 1971 to 1979, so in addition to my Mobil-related stuff, I have a few items from Ashland, Valvoline, and Freedom. Here's a list of companies and brands that became part of Ashland over the years:

Swiss Oil
Tri State
National (white Rose)
White Rose/Mid West Refining
Aetna
Frontier Refining
Freedom
Valvoline
Independent Quality Service
Dance
Payless
Superamerica
Oskey Brothers (North Star)
Red Head
Southern Oil
Hood
Tresler
Cincinnati Oil Works
Union Oil Company (Cincinnati,OH)
Pyroil

I'm by no means an expert on Ashland, but I'll be posting a little information on their history and pictures of the globes, signs, cans, and maps in my collection. For this COTM feature to even come close to last's month's great one on Conoco, you folks will need to pitch in by adding pictures of your Ashland-related items and any history you might have on any of the companies listed above.

So........here's some globes to start things off:








If you have pictures but don't know how to post them, send them to me via the email icon above and I'll get them posted for you.

Richard
Posted By: thermactor

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sun Sep 02 2007 10:01 PM

Here's the glass version of the Flying Octanes with the green lettering, but no Ethyl:



Wes
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Mon Sep 03 2007 05:37 PM

Following is a brief history of Ashland Oil as it appeared on their website around 2002. The current website for "Ashland, Inc." doesn't include this information.....I suspect that's because Ashland now calls itself a "diversified chemical company".......it no longer owns any oil and gas related businesses.

1924: Paul G. Blazer named general manager of Ashland Refining Company of Ashland, KY., a refining arm of Swiss Oil Company of Lexington. Principal operation is a small refinery in Catlettsburg, KY.

1930: Purchase of Tri-State Refining Company increases capacity to 5,500 barrels per day.

1931: Acquisition of Cumberland Pipeline Company's eastern Kentucky pipeline network assures adequate supply of crude oil.

1936: Under Blazer's leadership, Ashland Refining merges with Swiss Oil to form Ashland Oil & Refining Company.

1942: As part of the government's World War II effort, an aviation gasoline plant is built near the Catlettsburg refinery. The aviation fuel plant later becomes Ashland's No. 2 refinery.

1946: Products are sold for the first time under the brand name "Ashland".

1948: Ashland and Allied Oil merger includes Canton, Ohio, refinery and a broader marketing base.

1949: Through Aetna Oil merger, Ashland acquires Kentucky retail marketing operation. Freedom-Valvoline merger follows, bringing Valvoline, the oldest brand motor oil, and a third refinery at Freedom, Pa.

1950: Frontier Oil Refining of Buffalo, N.Y., and National Refining of Cleveland, Ohio, join Ashland. These acquisitions result in two additional refineries and a Great Lakes marketing area for Ashland.

1956: Marketing success of specialty products focuses attention on petrochemicals. Operation expands with acquisition of R. J. Brown Company of St. Louis.

1963: United Carbon acquisition increases involvement in chemical and petrochemical businesses.

1966: Ashland enters the highway construction and construction materials business with the acquisition of Warren Brothers.

1967: With purchase of ADM Chemical Group, Ashland Chemical is formed, consolidating chemical manufacturing and sales operations.

1968: Ashland's sales surpass $1 billion annually.

1969: Ashland Petroleum, the company's largest operating division, is formed. Arch Mineral, a 50-percent-owned coal affiliate, is formed.

1970: Shareholders approve changing company's name to Ashland Oil, Inc. Northwestern Refining of St. Paul, Minn., is acquired, adding a refinery and the SuperAmerica retail marketing chain.

1971: Exploration and production activities consolidated into Ashland Exploration.

1973: OPEC dramatically increases prices of petroleum products. Ashland Exploration enters a production-sharing agreement with Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.

1975: Construction division is formed, and Ashland Coal is created.

1981: New corporate strategy is adopted to strengthen refining and marketing, improve the balance sheet and build earnings from related, non-refining businesses. Ashland is reorganized as a modified holding company.

1983: RCC® Process unit at Catlettsburg refinery provides greater flexibility of crude oil slate and product mix.

1986: Ashland forms Employee Stock Ownership Plan.

1990: The $92 million acquisition of OXY USA Inc.'s Appalachian Basin natural gas properties more than doubles acreage in the area.

1991: Ashland nearly triples its domestic crude oil gathering capacity through the acquisition of The Permian Corporation and its merger with Scurlock Oil Company.

1992: Ashland Chemical acquires most of Unocal's chemical distribution business, establishing the IC&S Division as the No. 1 distributor of chemicals and solvents in North America. Ashland's annual sales surpass $10 billion for the first time.

1993: Ashland Petroleum completes the major portion of a refinery capital expenditure program that enhances refining flexibility, further reduces emissions and enables the company to make new fuels.

1994: Ashland celebrates its 70th anniversary. Valvoline acquires Zerex, the nation's No. 2 brand of antifreeze.

1995: Ashland invests more than $368 million in 14 acquisitions to strengthen its related energy and chemical businesses. In addition, shareholders approve changing the company's name to Ashland Inc. to better reflect the company's diverse operations.

1997: Ashland signs definitive agreement with Marathon to combine the two companies' refining, marketing and transportation assets. Ashland sells its domestic oil and gas properties for $566 million, and the company's two coal investments merge to form Arch Coal, Inc.

1998: Marathon Ashland Petroleum LLC begins operation Jan. 1. Ashland owns 38 percent of this joint-venture company, the nation's sixth largest refiner. Valvoline acquires Eagle One Industries of Carlsbad, Calif., a producer and marketer of premium automotive appearance products. APAC acquires the Missouri-based Masters-Jackson group of construction companies, significantly improving competitive strength in Midwest markets. Arch Coal acquires ARCO's coal properties, increasing reserves and doubling production volumes.

1999: Ashland's headquarters moves to Covington, Ky., as the company observes its 75th anniversary. Ashland forms two new divisions - Ashland Distribution Company and Ashland Specialty Chemical Company - from its largest wholly owned business, Ashland Chemical Company. Later that year, Ashland completed a tender offer for Superfos a/s, a Denmark-based industrial company, retaining only the portion of the business related to U.S. construction operations. Ashland also announced plans to explore strategic alternatives for its investment in Arch Coal.

2000: Ashland's board approves a plan to distribute a majority of Ashland Inc's shares in Arch Coal Inc. to Ashland's shareholders.
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 05 2007 02:25 AM

Here's a picture of Sam Cooper's ("Savinsam") Freedom Oil items:



GREAT globe Sam!!!! That's one I've never seen before. Since you showed me yours, I'll show you mine..........



Now wouldn't those two look good sitting side-by-side!!!
Posted By: SuperAmerica Man

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 05 2007 11:45 AM

Since this thread is about Ashland, I assume you want stuff from the other companies at the time of merger and later?

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Posted By: Lastgas15

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 05 2007 04:38 PM

Great globes!
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 05 2007 04:59 PM

Any items or information from any of the companies listed, covering time periods BEFORE or AFTER they became part of Ashland would be appropriate as far as I'm concerned......unless maybe if the company has already had it's own COTM sometime in the past. Don't know if that's the case with any of the companies listed above.

So SuperAmericaMan........this threads for you........bring it on!!!
Posted By: SuperAmerica Man

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 06 2007 12:16 AM

I have never seen a real SA globe, If someone knows of one please let me know.










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[This message has been edited by SuperAmerica Man (edited 09-05-2007).]
Posted By: Dave Rowlison

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 06 2007 09:55 AM


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-06


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-06


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-06

SuperAmerica, Ashland, Independent maps

I always am interested in a company marketing area ? I only remember seeing 2 Ashland stations in Michigan and one of them was only for short time, it later marketed using the Independent brand.
As I got into to petroleum transportation I found that Ashland had a pipeline terminal in Michigan. They didn't have a strong wholesale market in the area at the time that I knew of. Was Ashland planning on expanding there branded stations in Michigan?
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 06 2007 04:51 PM

Nice maps, Dave........thanks for posting them. Ashland's expertise from the outset was in refining, and you'll notice in the "history" post above they were in existence for 22 years before they started marketing under their own name. When I worked for them in the 1970's, their marketing area for the Ashland brand was mostly Kentucky, West Virginia, and Ohio. I doubt there were serious plans to expand much into Michigan. Thru acquisitions they expanded their retailing operations, but didn't seem to be quick to re-brand the stations. They thought of themselves as a large independent oil company that sold most of their refinery output to other independents. Ashland did own an extensive network of pipelines and terminals.....mostly to move refined products to key sales areas. After They aquired the Superamerica brand in 1970, there was a major effort to expand that brand and the new-at-the-time concept of a "convenience store" station. That idea caught on BIG TIME......now almost every gas station is a convenience store as well.....no matter what brand of gasoline they sell. Ashland is largely responsible for that industry change.

Richard
Posted By: Pablo

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 06 2007 09:31 PM

Here's a bit of trivia for this Ashland thread...

J. Howard Marshall was named President of Ashland Oil in 1944. He would later hold executive positions in other oil companies and establish his own enterprises. And of course, Mr. Marshall would later marry Anna Nicole Smith in 1995 at the "young" age of 89!!

Inquiring minds want to know!!
Posted By: 5 quart

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 06 2007 10:50 PM

Some 5 quart cans I think Galena is part of Ashland also thanks Don



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Wanted 5 quart cans
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Fri Sep 07 2007 02:04 AM

Gotta love all those Bulldogs!!! Nice cans Don.
Posted By: Dave Rowlison

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Fri Sep 07 2007 06:49 AM


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07



Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07

Tresler-Comet, Red Head & Frontier of New York maps. I think the tank wagon on the Frontier map is neat.
Posted By: Dave Rowlison

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Fri Sep 07 2007 05:53 PM


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07

Not old but nice !!!!
Posted By: Dave Rowlison

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Fri Sep 07 2007 06:01 PM


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07


Shot with HP pstc3100 at 2007-09-07

Ditto !!
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Fri Sep 07 2007 07:55 PM

Here's a few more Ashland globes.....not ones you see often........






The auction catalog for the Pepper globe described it as the "only one known"......not sure why, but most others I've seen were on metal bodies, so may be the smaller size on a glass body.
Posted By: SuperAmerica Man

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sat Sep 08 2007 01:26 PM



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Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sat Sep 08 2007 08:27 PM

Here's a couple more globes....GO-MIX Outboard Motor Fuel........the Valvoline version is fairly common, but the Ashland version is pretty rare.




Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sat Sep 08 2007 08:36 PM

From the Aumman Auction archives.......four different Pepper Gasoline globes:















[This message has been edited by pegasus (edited 09-08-2007).]
Posted By: Dave Rowlison

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Mon Sep 10 2007 03:03 PM


Shot with KODAK DC3200 DIGITAL CAMERA at 2007-09-10


Shot with KODAK DC3200 DIGITAL CAMERA at 2007-09-10


Shot with KODAK DC3200 DIGITAL CAMERA at 2007-09-10

3 Ashland signs from the former local Ashland station. The 2 on the building now belong to Fuzzy a maybe soon to be oldgasser. The bottom one is under a coat of paint still doing service.
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Mon Sep 10 2007 08:32 PM

Thanks Dave for the sign pictures!! Speaking of signs........here's a few of mine.........











Richard
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 12 2007 05:20 PM

Here's a couple of Aetna globes, again thanks to Aumann Auctions.......





Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 12 2007 05:36 PM

CAN you post pictures of your Ashland related CANS? Sure you CAN!! I CAN show pictures of my CANS!! Did someone says something about CANS?? Here's a few larger sized ones...........







Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 13 2007 03:47 PM

Based on the participation so far, it would appear that Ashland isn't a widely collected company....at least by Oldgas members. But just in case you're interested in learning more about the company's history, here's a few sources you might want to hunt up:

1) “Blazer and Ashland Oil, a Study in Management”. The author is Joseph L. Massie and the publisher is the University of Kentucky Press. Copyright 1960. (this book is currently available on eBay from seller "alldaypicker")

2) "E PLURIBUS UNUM", author Paul G. Blazer, published by the Newcomen Society, copyright 1956. Author was President and Chairman of Ashland Oil and Refining Company, Ashland Kentucky. (this sold on eBay less than a month ago)

3) "The Exception – History of Ashland Oil & Refining Company", by Otto J. Scott.
Published by McGraw-Hill in paperback in 1968. The author was commissioned by Ashland to write the book. (this is available on amazon.com)

When I started working for Ashland in 1971, "The Exception" was given to all new hires. I lived in a rented house in Ashland, KY for a month until my wife and kids could join me. Since I was without a TV and had virtually no furiture, I read the book during that first week. Somewhere over the years it disappeared.......so I don't have it now when I could finally put it to good use again.

I do remember at least one thing from the book. The book discussed the company's first auditor......don't recall his name but he worked for the company in the 1930's. While climbing on top of a large crude oil storage tank to measure the quantity of oil inside, the roof caved in and the poor fellow drowned in the oil. I worked as an auditor for Ashland for 8 years......needless to say I was extra careful when I had to strap storage tanks!!

[This message has been edited by pegasus (edited 09-13-2007).]
Posted By: powerlube

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 13 2007 06:44 PM

Drowning in a vat of oil would SUCK! What a way to welcome you to the company. 'welcome to our team, hear is the way the last guy died...'

Keep it comin. I have nothing to add but I am enjoying it.

------------------
Scott Wright-
http://www.frontrangegas.com/powerine.htm
Posted By: T-way

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 13 2007 10:19 PM

Here is the 15" version richard alluded to.



If anybody has a single 15" lens that they would be willing to part with - drop me a line. I've only got the one side on this globe. I put one of our 'frosted' lenses on the backside.

Later . . .

Jim

[This message has been edited by T-way (edited 09-14-2007).]
Posted By: Savinsam

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Fri Sep 14 2007 12:28 AM

Speaking of Valvoline, I have an old steel oil barrel with the big heavy rings around it which has raised letters on top saying, "valvoline company, New England Dept." Does anyone know where at in New England this plant was? Sam
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sat Sep 15 2007 03:07 AM

Sam........can't help you on the Valvoline New England location.........but I can post more pictures of my Valvoline cans......








Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sat Sep 15 2007 02:31 PM

This rare one-piece etched globe was sold this morning by Matthews Auctions for $12,100..........





Speaking of Matthews Auctions........this fantastic 72" double sided porcelain sign sold this morning for only $29,700........





Of course, this sign has ABSOLUTELY nothing to do with Ashland, Valvoline, or any of the other companies associated with Ashland........but I just couldn't resist posting the picture anyway!!!

Richard
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Mon Sep 17 2007 03:09 PM

Here's another Valvoline one-piece etched globe.......it was sold Saturday buy Matthews Auctions......


Posted By: kmann

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Mon Sep 17 2007 03:26 PM

Posted By: kmann

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Mon Sep 17 2007 03:52 PM

Posted By: 5 quart

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Tue Sep 18 2007 11:43 PM

Valvoline Imperial gal from Melbourne Sydney Australia- strange can as its smaller than a Canadian Imp gal ??


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Wanted 5 quart cans
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 19 2007 02:28 AM

Here's a 5 gallon can from Valvoline......





And two different brands from Freedom Oil........













[This message has been edited by pegasus (edited 09-18-2007).]
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 20 2007 02:14 AM

I know....I know.....this recent picture of my one year old grandson Jack doesn't have any obvious connection to Ashland Oil.......





But he's just SO CUTE I couldn't resist!!! There actually is a connection......his dad was born just one month after I started to work for Ashland back on September 1, 1971.

If that won't fly.......maybe this Freedom Oil can will.....





Richard
Posted By: 5 quart

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Fri Sep 21 2007 01:17 AM

2 beaver 5 qts-thanks don


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Wanted 5 quart cans
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sun Sep 23 2007 01:15 PM

Here's a few more Freedom Oil cans.......








Richard
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Tue Sep 25 2007 02:33 AM

More Freedom cans.............







Richard
Posted By: Savinsam

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Tue Sep 25 2007 11:57 AM

Richard, a man that used to work for Freedom Oil Works long ago told me an amusing story about how the "F.C." came to be that's on their oil cans. It was just on a whim at the moment when trying to come up with a name. But now many years later, I can't remember what the F.C. stands for. Do you know? Sam
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Tue Sep 25 2007 01:26 PM

Can't help you Sam.......I don't have a clue about what the "FC" stands for.......maybe someone else out there knows and will share it with us.

I did notice via eBay that Freedom High School in Freedom, PA. has a Bulldog as their mascot (the "Freedom Bulldogs"). I think the company was founded in the 1870's, so I'm guessing the oil company came before the high school.....if so, then it's likely they picked their mascot from the oil company logo. I wonder how common that is?

Richard
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Wed Sep 26 2007 08:14 PM

Here's s few more of my Freedom items........the first is a single-sided painted metal sign that's 30" x 22"......it's an original, not one of the repo's I've seen offered on eBay.





Next is a license plate attachment.....




Richard
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Thu Sep 27 2007 08:00 PM

More of my Freedom signs..........the first is a 24" DSP.........




.....and the second is a framed CREPE PAPER sign.....I assume it was meant to be hung in a station or store window....it's one of my favorites.





(I had it framed....it came to me rolled up in a cardboard tube)

Richard

[This message has been edited by pegasus (edited 09-27-2007).]
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sat Sep 29 2007 02:58 PM

You don't have to suffer thru much more of this.......I only have a few more items to share.......here's two of them......







Richard
Posted By: Pegasus

Re: COTM - Ashland Oil - Sept,. 2007 - Sun Sep 30 2007 06:20 PM

This is my last Ashland-related item, and probably the best. It's a 30" double sided, painted metal sign that would grade out at least 9.5+ on both sides......and actually does qualify as a "new-old-stock" piece.





It came from Canada and included the following information from the previous (second) owner........."We owned and operated the old general store that the sign was originally mailed to. The store has been in operation since about 1911, and the previous owner, who died back in the 1970's, was an honest-to-goodness packrat! The sign was found in its old original cardboard mailing package in a dusty corner of the attic. It's marked Fairbanks Fiber Box Co. in Middletown, Ohio and is addressed to Matthew Watson, Carcross, Yukon Territory,Canada."

The sign itself is marked "Made in U.S.A.- Fogarty Dayton Ohio - 3215". The sign's never been used, and was hung for the first time on my wall. I also have the above mentioned original packaging.

Richard

[This message has been edited by pegasus (edited 09-30-2007).]
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